Disrupting Armor: Electronic Warfare and Anti-Tank Technology

Anti-tank technology refers to a variety of methods, weapons, and equipment used to destroy or disable tanks and other armored vehicles. These can include anti-tank missiles, mines, shaped charges, and kinetic energy penetrators, as well as specialized infantry weapons such as rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs). Additionally, electronic warfare systems, such as jamming and spoofing, can also be used to disrupt the operation of tanks and other armored vehicles.

How Anti-tank missiles work?

Anti-tank missiles are guided missiles that are specifically designed to destroy or disable tanks and other armored vehicles. They typically use a combination of a shaped charge warhead and a guidance system to achieve this.

The guidance system is used to steer the missile to its target. There are different types of guidance systems, including wire-guided, semi-automatic command to line-of-sight (SACLOS), and fire-and-forget. Wire-guided missiles have a thin wire that is used to guide the missile to its target, while SACLOS missiles are guided by a combination of an infrared seeker and a command guidance system. Fire-and-forget missiles use an on-board seeker to locate and track the target and do not require further input from the operator after launch.

When the missile reaches its target, it detonates a shaped charge warhead. A shaped charge is an explosive device that is designed to focus the energy of the explosion in a specific direction. This focused energy is used to create a high-speed jet of molten metal, which can penetrate the armor of a tank or other armored vehicle.

Anti-tank missiles can be launched from a variety of platforms, including ground vehicles, aircraft, and infantry. The most popular anti-tank missiles are AT-5, AT-6, AT-9, AT-10, AT-14, and AT-15.

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How shaped charges worked

A shaped charge is an explosive device that is designed to focus the energy of the explosion in a specific direction. This is achieved by using a conical or hemispherical metal liner that is placed in front of the explosive material. When the explosive is detonated, the liner is compressed and vaporized, creating a high-speed jet of molten metal, also known as a “metal jet”. The shape of the liner determines the shape of the metal jet, and therefore, the direction of the focused energy.

Shaped charges are used in a variety of applications, including anti-tank weapons, demolition, mining, and oil and gas exploration. In anti-tank weapons, the metal jet is used to penetrate the armor of a tank or other armored vehicle. The kinetic energy of the metal jet is sufficient to breach the armor and cause damage to the vehicle’s internal systems.

Shaped charges come in two types; linear-shaped charges and cone-shaped charges. Linear-shaped charges are preferred in anti-tank weapons, because they produce a longer and thinner metal jet, which can penetrate armor more effectively. Cone-shaped charges, on the other hand, produce a shorter and wider metal jet, which is better suited for cutting and demolition work.

The effectiveness of shaped charges is measured by its penetration capability, and it is measured in terms of “charge weight to penetration” ratio. The higher the ratio, the more effective the shaped charge.

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How Kinetic energy penetrators works?

Kinetic energy penetrators (KEP) are a type of weapon that rely on the kinetic energy of a heavy, dense, and highly-shaped projectile to penetrate the armor of a tank or other armored vehicle. Instead of using an explosive charge to breach the armor, KEPs use the sheer force of the impact to punch through it.

A KEP is typically a long, cylindrical projectile with a pointed nose and a streamlined shape. It is made of a dense and hard material, such as tungsten or depleted uranium, which gives it a high mass and a high density. When the KEP strikes a target, the kinetic energy of the projectile is transferred to the armor, causing it to deform and crack. The pointed nose of the projectile helps to focus the energy of the impact and increase its penetration capability.

KEPs are typically used in anti-tank weapons, such as tank guns and anti-tank missiles. They can also be used in other types of weapons, such as artillery shells and armor-piercing bullets. KEPs are effective against most types of armor, including rolled homogeneous armor (RHA) and composite armor, but they are less effective against reactive armor, which uses explosive charges to detonate and neutralize the kinetic energy of an incoming projectile.

KEPs offer several advantages over other types of anti-tank weapons, such as shaped charges, including high penetration capability, long range, high accuracy and reliability, and the ability to engage multiple targets in quick succession.

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How rocket-propelled grenades Works (RPGs)

Rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs) are a type of infantry weapon that uses a rocket-propelled grenade as its projectile. The grenade is launched from a reusable launcher tube and guided by a simple sighting system.

The grenade itself is typically a hollow-charge warhead, which is designed to focus the energy of the explosion in a specific direction. When the grenade reaches its target, it detonates, creating a high-speed jet of molten metal that can penetrate the armor of a tank or other armored vehicle. The rocket motor provides the necessary propulsion to get the grenade to the target and guide it to the target by means of fins or winglets.

RPGs are relatively simple and inexpensive to manufacture, making them a popular weapon among irregular and guerrilla forces. They are also relatively easy to use, and do not require extensive training to operate. They can be fired from a variety of positions, including from inside buildings or from behind cover, making them difficult to detect and defend against.

RPGs have several disadvantages as well. They are relatively short-range weapons, typically effective at ranges of up to 500 meters, and they are not very accurate. They also have a relatively slow flight time, which makes them vulnerable to countermeasures such as smoke, flares, and active protection systems (APS).

RPGs come in different models such as RPG-7, RPG-22, RPG-29, RPG-32, and many more. They are widely used across the globe by different armed forces and non-state actors.


Anti-tank technology is a field of military technology that aims to develop methods and equipment to disable or destroy tanks and other armored vehicles. It includes a variety of weapons and tactics, such as anti-tank guided missiles, shaped charges, and mines. The development of anti-tank technology has been driven by the increasing use of tanks in warfare, and has been an ongoing process throughout the history of warfare. The conclusion is that anti-tank technology is a vital aspect of modern warfare, and will continue to be developed in response to the changing nature of warfare and advancements in tank technology.

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