Here’s what advanced prosthetic surgery looks like in India

Describe a prosthetic surgery.

A prosthetic is an artificial or synthetic item that is used to replace a missing body part that may have to be amputated owing to a congenital defect, sickness, or traumatic injury. In terms of functionality, movement, and appearance, a prosthetic device is meant to take the place of the natural portion.

Artificial limb prosthesis is the replacement of missing natural limbs, such as arms and legs, with artificial ones. It is essentially a branch of biomechanics that deals with mechanical tools integrating with skeletal bones, muscles, and nerves in humans to restore sensory and motor function that has been lost as a result of trauma or other injury. The prosthesis also comprises heart valves, palatal obturator, artificial eyes, gastric bands, and dentures in addition to the arms and legs.

Types of prosthetics for artificial limbs

  • All of the ball and socket joints in the hip and shoulder are included in joint prosthesis. The prosthesis consists of a stem that is put into the upper arm bone and thigh bone, as well as a spherical ball implant.
  • Arm replacements are included in upper limb prosthesis. They can be powered by the body alone or by a harness, whose motion is controlled by the other arm. A myoelectric prosthesis, which is controlled by electrical impulses from the brain, is another kind of prosthetic arm.
  • Trans-radial and trans-humeral prostheses are two of their two kinds. Trans-humeral prosthesis are designed to replace the upper arm, while Trans-radial prosthesis are developed to replace the arm below the elbow.
  • Lower limb prostheses: They are constructed from a variety of parts, including the foot-ankle assembly, the shank, the suspension, and the socket. They come in two varieties, much like the prosthetics for the upper limbs.
  • Trans-tibial prostheses and Trans-femoral prosthesis are used to replace the limbs above and below the knee, respectively.
  • Aesthetic prostheses: These devices are simply intended to improve the body’s aesthetically pleasing look. They don’t significantly improve the body’s mobility or functionality. Artificial eyes, silicone hands, fingers, breasts, feet, and toes are a few of them. They can be fastened to the body via suction, adhesives, skin sleeves, flexible skin, or form-fitting clothing.

How Long Does It Take to Recover from Lower Eyelid Bag Surgery?

Techniques for attaching a prosthetic surgery device to the body

Direct osseointegration or bone attachment

This procedure involves inserting a titanium metal implant through the skin into the bone’s centre before attaching the prosthesis to it. This improves the device’s muscular control.


This part of the apparatus is secured to the patient’s stump. Because the socket forces are transmitted from the device to the patient’s body, a well-fitted socket is very necessary.


This is the device’s basic metal rod frame, which gives it structural support. They are mostly built of composites using carbon fibre.


The prosthetic limb is kept connected to the body via the suspension. The prosthetic device is attached using a variety of suspension methods, such as a harness system, straps, belts, or sleeves. Suction is one of the most often utilised suspension mechanisms, in which the prosthetic limb is attached to the residual limb and sealed off with air to hold it in place.

What characteristics characterise the optimal prosthesis?

  • A proper fit is essential for excellent movement, and the socket must be precisely fitted.
  • Energy absorption is necessary in order to lessen the force’s effect on the musculoskeletal system.
  • Ground Compliance: No matter the kind or inclination of the ground, the prosthetic devices should be stable.
  • Rotation is a feature that must be incorporated to improve how simple it is to change directions.
  • Weight – The gadget should only be slightly heavier than necessary to provide comfort, balance, and speed.
  • Suspension: The way the socket attaches to and fits the limb is determined by this characteristic.

How should I care for my prosthetic?

It is essential to take good care of a prosthetic device in order to get the most out of it. Several suggestions for the same are listed below.

  • Before going to bed, take the prosthetic off.
  • Look for any discomfort or blisters on the affected body area.
  • In order to reduce swelling when the prosthesis is not being used, apply a bandage on the stump.
  • Do the exercises that the physiotherapist has advised.
  • Wear well-fitting shoes with a stable heel height if you have leg prosthetics.
  • Wash the socket of the prosthesis with soap and water on a regular basis.
  • When using the prosthesis, use fresh, dry socks.

Why must India be your first choice for prosthetic surgery?

It is possible to find some of the greatest prosthetic surgery hospitals in India, which are outfitted with the newest gadgets and cutting-edge equipment. Several of India’s best orthopedic surgeons with years of expertise have been employed by the facilities. The physicians have received training to thoroughly assess the patient’s condition and choose the best course of action. In addition, hospitals offer all required services at a fair price.

Too read more :- medical journals

Related Articles

Back to top button